Report of the Co-Chairs of the Select Task Force; Executive Summary … Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, or EEOC, enforces federal laws against job discrimination. "Laws Enforced By EEOC." Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA): These laws regulate workplace safety. Information Employers Can Disclose: Many employers have policies about not giving away information about former employees, e.g., whether they were fired for cause – but that doesn’t mean that they’re legally prohibited from doing so. U.S. U.S. Department of Labor. A company could refuse to hire members of racial minorities, exclude women from promotions, or pay men more than women for the … U.S. Supreme Court. U.S. Department of Labor. Accessed Aug. 8, 2020. A patchwork of federal statutes helps protect whistleblowers who report their employer for violations of the law. These set out the employment conditions for hours of work, payment of wages, leaves, vacation, holidays, … Also review a recap of the different types of separation from employment. Whether or not a law applies depends on several factors, such as whether employers are in the public or private sector, how many employees they have and whether … Since 2009 most private and public employers have had to pay staff members at least $7.25 per hour, although some legislators have tried to increase that amount. Federal laws may set national limits for the minimum wage. Harassment by … U.S. Department of Labor. Compensatory Time: These are laws regulating paid time off in lieu of overtime pay for extra hours worked. U. S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) EEOC Laws, Regulations & Guidance; USDOL Equal Employment Opportunity Overview; Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII; Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Titles I and V; Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) The Act that establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, record keeping, … Related Articles. They include federal laws such as the: Fair Labor … Together, these sources define what the terms in the law mean, what employers have to do to comply with the law, and how violations of the law will be handled. Employment laws are essentially all employment-related laws that are not labor laws. Failure to display the correct state and federal employment law notices can result in penalties, fines and lawsuits. The United States Constitution also prohibits discrimination by federal and state governments against their public employees. The law also makes it illegal to retaliate against a person because the person complained about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit. This law establishes the federal minimum wage as $7.25. Social Security. Overtime Pay: Hourly workers or those who earn less than the weekly earnings threshold to be exempt, are entitled to time-and-a-half pay if they work more than 40 hours in a workweek. Learn More → ••• barbed wire image by igor_kell from Fotolia.com. The Consumer Credit Protection Act sets limits and protections for workers. Employment law is a broad area encompassing all areas of the employer/employee relationship. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) ensures that American workers receive a minimum wage for their work. There are three basic protections involved in salaried employee labor laws. Our federal employment law team at The Federal Practice Group provides aggressive and smart legal representation. Harassment: Learn what constitutes harassment in the workplace and what you can do about it. Find out when you are due back pay and how to collect it if you have an issue with an employer, here. Termination from Employment: Everything you need to know about your rights and responsibilities, if you lose your job for any reason. Questions that inquire about non-job-related matters are prohibited by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, the National Labor Relations Act of 1935, the … Minimum Wage and Overtime Pay - Fair Labor Standards Act 2. Federal laws prohibiting job discrimination. In response to pressure to clarify … The answer is clear. Prepared by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy. Accessed Aug. 8, 2020. Can a Family Survive on the U.S. The U.S. Equal Opportunity Employment Commission. Unemployment insurance benefits are offered through a joint federal-state program. The minimum wage is a legally mandated price floor on hourly wages, below which non-exempt workers may not be offered or accept a job. Employment Laws. 29 USC 201 et al The FLSA creates two classifications of employees for purpose of minimum wage and overtime purposes. "Child Labor Provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)for Nonagricultural Occupations." Accessed Aug. 8, 2020. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. As a result, eligible employees are afforded up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave per year if they decide to stay home in the wake of their child’s birth or adoption or in cases of serious personal or family member illness. If you are a federal employee facing discrimination, harassment, a hostile work … Equal Employment. List of U.S. Federal Employment and Labor Laws, Audtakorn Sutarmjam / EyeEm / Getty Images, Significant Federal Employment and Labor Laws, List of U.S. Employment Laws and Resources, Learn the Difference Between an Exempt and a Non-Exempt Employee, When a Company Can Reduce Your Salary or Work Schedule. It depends on many factors, including state and federal law. Here is a list of resources for some of the most important U.S. labor laws. The Department of Labor administers federal labor laws to guarantee workers' rights to fair, safe, and healthy working conditions, including minimum hourly wage and overtime pay, protection against employment discrimination, and unemployment insurance. Accessed Aug. 8, 2020. An employer who fires an individual for being homosexual or transgender fires that person for traits or actions it would not have questioned in members of a different sex. Harassment is a form of employment discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, (ADEA), and the Americans with Disabilities Act of … Page 2. These are: Hours Worked; Late Days; Vacation & Sick Days; These make up the backbone of the American system of worker protection. Social Security Administration. Federal law prohibits discrimination against employees based on race, gender, religion, pregnancy, and more. Fair Pay Legislation: There are several laws on the books that prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex, including Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Equal Pay Act of 1963, and the Civil Rights Act of 1991. Employment discrimination law in the United States derives from the common law, and is codified in numerous state, federal, and local laws.These laws prohibit discrimination based on certain characteristics or "protected categories." Social Security Administration. Some federal labor laws, such as the Equal Pay Act, apply to all employers, regardless of size. Federal employment law consists of three components: the statutes themselves, any regulations issued by the federal agency responsible for administering the law, and court decisions interpreting the law and regulations. Lisa Guerin is the author or co-author of several Nolo books, including The Manager's Legal Handbook, Dealing with Problem Employees, The Essential Guide to Federal Employment Laws, Workplace Investigations, and Create Your Own Employee Handbook. Noncompete Agreements: These contracts restrict employees’ rights to work for a competitor. Employees against discrimination by federal … Title VII of the New Deal era of the 1930s Act. Hourly rate wire image by igor_kell from Fotolia.com addition to federal law does not employers! By state and/or federal law up to a maximum annual amount wage violations Contact the Department Labor. 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